Helen Dore Boylston served in France with the first Harvard Unit, a U.S. medical team that treated more casualties than any other group of American doctors and nurses during the conflict. Well before the U.S. entered World War I, the War Department and its medical auxiliary, the American Red Cross, sought a carefully guided process to recruit nurses for a global cause – caring for sick, wounded and dying soldiers at home and abroad. ARC ID: 649203.Records of the American National Red Cross, 1881–2008. Over 10,000 of these nurses were deployed overseas during the war. While the American Expeditionary Forces were still preparing to go overseas, U.S. Army nurses were sent ahead and assigned to the British Expeditionary Force. The sounds of the battlefield could be heard in the nurses’ living quarters.5 An American nurse wrote a detailed description of her morning and nights on the front lines: 10 Greatest Nurses of World War I. 1959. Clara D. Noyes. “In his much-admired book published in 1975,” Baroness Williams of Crosby, the daughter of Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse Vera Brittain says, “The Great War and Modern Memory, the American literary critic and historian, Paul Fussell, wrote about the pervasive myths and legends of WW1, so powerful they became indistinguishable from fact in many minds. Nurses of WWI worked from sun up to sun down, and barely got any sleep. by Roger Noyes, Slingerlands, NY (rlnoyes@gmail.com).He is the great-great nephew of Clara D. Noyes. From there, she was pulled back from the front-line to fill a vital administrative role in Paris, orchestrating the nursing service of the American Expeditionary Forces. Lenah Sutcliffe Higbee, chief of the Navy Nurse Corps, was the first woman to be awarded the Navy Cross, which is second only to the Medal of Honor. July 13, 2012, zubair, Leave a comment. The art exhibit, "The Second Battlefield: Nurses in the First World War," runs through March 6 at The National World War I Museum. By the end of the war, 21,480 women served in the Army Nurse Corps rendering service “beyond expectations” at a time when women were not even allowed to vote. Taking these nursing activities in their totality, Christine Hallett has every reason to conclude that WWI nurses emerged from their European tours as wound care practitioners, adding that, in the rushes that followed major battles, professional boundaries dissolved and their work merged with that of surgeons. By June 1918, there were more than 3,000 American nurses in over 750 in British-run hospitals in France. Serving in France, England, and Italy, American nurses were considered to be among the finest in the world. Treating soldiers injured by trench and gas warfare was a new challenge for these heroic women. 28, including the role of nurses and doctors from the Kansas City area. During the latter part of World War I, many medical services for military personnel were provided by the American Red Cross and the 23,800 nurses who volunteered for service. To start, there were only 403 nurses on duty when the U.S. entered World War 1 on April 6, 1917, and this included 170 reserve nurses. ... By 1918, she’d been made chief nurse of the American Red Cross in France. 1916–ca. There is additional information available at the website project , Medicine in the First World War and Base Camp No. Thousands of women also served in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps and the Navy Nurse Corps. Before the beginning of the World War, female nurses usually belonged to religious orders and were given a low status. Famous Nurses in World War 1. However, this did not bother many nurses. The conditions were cold and sometimes rainy. Series number A1 27140, textual materials, 101 boxes. 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