nicative language teaching, or CLT, and explore the assumptions it is based on, its origins and evolution since it was first proposed in the 1970s, and how it has influenced approaches to language teaching today. For most linguists, language is the pattern of human speech, and the (implicit) systems that speaking and listening rely on. CLT approach is believed to be the most effective theoretical model in English language teaching since early 1970s. View Methods and approaches.ppt from AA 1METHODS AND APPROACHES in TEACHING ENGLISH AS A second LANGUAGE Approaches, methods, procedures, and techniques • Approach/-es : - theories about the Incorporate both the natural and systematic language approaches. This article presents an overview of a task-based learning approach (TBL) and highlights its advantages over the more … Students learn with a situation that they may encounter in their real life. In the classroom Learners in the modern language classroom often learn through techniques drawn from a variety of methods/approaches in what has been labelled an ‘eclectic approach'. An Analysis of Language Teaching Approaches and Methods —Effectiveness and Weakness LIU Qing-xue, SHI Jin-fang (Foreign Language School, East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang Jiangxi 330013,China) Abstract: Language teaching approaches and methods have cast light on the language teaching theory and practice. 6. the second language acquisition tradition 7. humanistic approaches or designer methods 8. communicative language teaching 9. the post-communicative period: towards an enlightened eclecticism 10. recent approaches to language teaching 11. bilingual programmes 12. summary 13. further reading 14. tasks for papers 15. references Charlotte Mason’s approach to teaching foreign languages is an example of direct instruction. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 4f40ba-YTRjM According to Brown (2001), Popular methods Why approaches and methods? CLT “aims to (a) make communicative competence the goal of language teaching and (b) develop procedures for the teaching of the four language skills that acknowledge the interdependence of language and communication” (p. 155). At SIT, we do this by giving our teacher trainees a direct experience with each method. and discussion about effective approaches to language teaching can be better understood by recognizing how differences in the starting points of curriculum development have Input Methodology Learning outcomes Process Output Syllabus Figure 1. Has technical knowledge: understands Grammar-Translation Model: If your family has learned a “dead” language like Greek or Latin—or if you learned a foreign language in a classroom a few decades ago—chances are that you have experience with the grammar-translation model. It is common in language teacher education programs to survey current language teaching methodologies. Other approaches include the cognitive-code approach, and the aural-oral approach (audiolingual method). into Language Acquisition In first-language learners, children acquire receptive language before they attempt to speak, they develop understanding through moving their bodies and they are not forced to speak until they are ready . This second edition is an extensive revision of this successful text. Dimensions of a Curriculum. 9710001M Kelly 9710008M Venus 9/25 & 10/2 The main focus of this approach is the task while language is the means with which they complete it. When it comes to teaching there are a variety of methods and approaches educators use in the classroom. treatment of elements of the target language systems as part of language teaching methodology; (2) pedagogical content-- reference sources that present information about the target language system; and (3) some combinations of process and content. English teaching PPT courseware for children aged 4-9. Psychological approaches to language and learning - Final and assumptions about learning and teaching that underlie standards are also based on notions of language teaching approaches which espouse “a particular view of the world and [can be] articulated in the interests of unequal power relationships” (Pennycook, 1989, pp. It has two main strands to it: All language used involves language functions such as inviting, agreeing, disagreeing etc. For a more detailed analysis of the different methods, see Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Richards, J. and Rodgers, T (1986) CUP Cambridge. 14 Total Physical Response (TPR) Step by Step (steps for teaching … It was used to replace the earlier structural method, called Situational Language Teaching (Orwig, 1999). The teacher decides what methodology or approach to use depending on the aims of the lesson and the learners in the group. Listed below are brief summaries of some of the more popular second language teaching methods of the last half century. and must be used appropriately Keep reading to find out more about it. Nine Twentieth-Century Approaches to Language Teaching An outgrowth of the work of anthropological linguists and Firthian linguists who view language as a system for communication Oral-Situational Approach It is a reaction to the reading Approach and its lack of emphasis on Lessons have communicative aims. 589–590). The Silent Way is the name of a method of language teaching devised by Caleb Gattegno. Eclectic approach for teaching The eclectic approach is the label given to a teacher's use of techniques and activities from a range of language teaching approaches and methodologies. #6: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) These days, CLT is by far one of the most popular approaches and methods in language teaching. How well these aspects of PG align with other forms of grammar is an open question. The Oral Approach or Situational Language Teaching is based on a structural view of language. It involves teaching a curricular subject through the medium of a language other than that normally used. The quickest way to learn a language is by moving to a particular country that speaks the language. What is language? They reflect the beginnings of the discipline of applied linguistics - that branch of language study concerned with the scientific study of second and foreign language teaching … The implication is that literature teaching with the aims of developing students’ language and thinking skills and generating students’ personal response and appreciation may not be achieved. It focuses on enhancing students' speaking skills and critical thinking. The CLT method differs radically from the other, older approaches to teaching English as a second language that have tended to dominate language teaching over the years. Other phenomena come to be called "language" because of more or less close connections or analogies to this central case: writing, sign languages, computer languages, the language of dolphins or bees. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Like the first edition, it surveys the major approaches and methods in language teaching, such as grammar translation, audiolingualism, communicative language teaching, and the natural approach. Some key features of the Communicative Approach. While traditional approaches do provide a solid foundation for effective language teaching, it’s important to understand that these techniques don’t always address students’ current needs. Communicative language teaching began in Britain in the 1960s. In fact, the communicative approach, still widely preached as the latest and greatest approach, is already due for a makeover of its own. Introduction Don’t think this is complicated, nor is it even expensive, unless you want it to be. Background. In recent years a debate has developed over which approaches to structuring and planning and implementing lessons are more effective. Finally, in the conclusion the research questions of this paper will be answered and the results of the textbook analysis will be summed up. principled approach to language teaching, one based on a scientific approach to the study of language and of language learning. Task-based teaching is a methodology associated with it. as the medium of instruction. In its strong version, teachers working with CLIL are specialists in their own discipline rather than traditional language teachers. Keywords: Approaches in teaching literature, Less proficient students 1. Professor Jack C. Richards is interviewed by Professor Hayo Reinders about his new book, "Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching" Third Edition. approaches and methods to language teaching in chapter two are analyzed, as well as certain additional criteria relevant in analyzing grammar. This change has had a huge impact on classroom materials, course books, teaching techniques and the teacher’s role in the classroom, and still influences English language teaching and learning up to this day.. Methods and approaches in language teaching Methods and approaches in language teaching Universidade Potiguar Letras língua inglesa What is a good English teacher? Type: ppt The goal of communicative language teaching is to teach real-life communication skills. It is important for educators to choose methods that best meet the needs of their students and fit with their personality and comfort level along with the subject area being taught. 7. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? This evaluation looks at teaching approaches and strategies used in schools where there has been a significant increase in the number of students at or above National Standards in the upper primary school years (Years 5 to 8). 2. Since its inception in the 1970s, CLT has served as a major source of influence on language teaching practice around the world. 8 RELC Journal 44(1) The 4C's framework for CLIL considers the following dimentions: Content, Culture, Cognition and Communication. There are plenty of Language teaching methodologies and strategies. It is based on the premise that the teacher should be silent as much as possible in the classroom but the learner should be encouraged to produce as much language as possible. This method stresses interaction and communication to teach a second language effectively. 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