Changes that had begun in the Archaic culminated in the Woodland and increasing population necessitated changes in political and social organization. Although the technology may have appeared earlier, the bow and arrow definitely came into widespread use facilitating both hunting and warfare. These blades were used in ceremonial dances held by winged eagle dancers. The tribe was made up of several localized communities each of which were organized through a kinship group called a lineage. ABOVE and BELOW: A great arrow point I found in 2018. The traditional explanation has been that during the last Ice Age, the sea levels were as much as 300 feet lower than today thus exposing a dry land bridge across the Bering Strait from Siberia to Alaska. The artifacts in this cache are famous for their size, variety of forms and superb craftsmanship. By 1100 a complex iconography had emerged that symbolically depicted deities, events, and religious concepts and these are manifest in an array of stone (Figure 24), shell (Figure 25), textile, copper (Figure 26, and ceramic (Figures 27, 28) objects, and recent research has identified a whole realm of cave art using iconographic designs (Figure 29) (Simek and Cressler 2008). Middle Woodland cultures in Tennessee were engaged in some interaction with the Hopewell culture to the north. I have been told that it is not considered trespassing to walk along the tennessee river and hunt the banks and shores by several people that have been doing it around here for a long time. Figure 23. The June 1897 issue of The Antiquarian published in Columbus, Ohio, states that the employee on the farm of Mr. Banks Links who discovered the flint cache in December 1894, made further excavations beneath the exact spot in the … To the north of Tennessee, the Early Woodland Adena culture included burial mounds that contained tombs of probable lineage founders and burials of other kin. Authentic Artifacts - Trading, Buying, Selling, and Collecting Authentic Indian Artifacts for over 40 years. Corn, the mainstay of the American Indian throughout most of North America, was first domesticated in Mexico some 5000 years ago The first evidence for corn in the eastern U.S. is around 2300 YBP; in Tennessee, the earliest corn comes from eastern Tennessee and dates to 1825 YBP, but it apparently did not become a major part of the diet until the Mississippian period. Madeline Kneberg described the dancers as having a âDuck River type artifact:â in one hand and a crescent shaped object in the other hand. Beware of reproductions. valid type. The greatest concentration of evidence for PaleoIndian occupation is the western valley of the Tennessee River and the Central Basin particularly along the Cumberland River. Many of the Early Archaic sites have been found deeply buried in the alluvial floodplains of the major river valleys (Figure 6), camps preserved as the river bottoms built up by successive flood deposits over the millennia. In addition, limited excavations were conducted at the Obion, Link, Pack, and Mound Bottom sites in Middle and West Tennessee. In the foreground, women are processing hickory nuts. 20. Woodland communities, however, continued to thrive across Tennessee and the construction of burial mounds continues in eastern Tennessee (Figure 20). Monte Verde, a site in Chile, is dated 14,500YBP (Dillehay 1989, 1997). 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