© 2018 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society. Ipomoea quamoclit. Ipomoea alba L. Jump to: Distribution Maps | Sources. The leaves are entire or three-lobed, 5–15 cm long, with a 5–20 cm long stem. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also listed among the "exotic vines and scramblers" whose invasion of native vegetation is regarded as a "key threatening process" in New South Wales. Each stem carries several 4-inch-long buds. Disturbed wetland and lake edges, mangrove fringes. Ipomoea alba: Most comfortable in a tropical or subtropical climate, Ipomoea alba is a wild growing vine that can grow from 15 feet to 90 feet in length (or height if the vine has a tree or structure nearby on which it can climb). Like most moth-pollinated flowers, the moon flower is white, which attracts moths. Moon-Flower ( Ipomoea alba, Convolvulaceae) - Medicine, Rubber Enabler, and Ornamental: A Review. Rhododendron roseum. Blooms open late in the day and remain open through the night. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also listed among the "exotic vines and scramblers" whose invasion of native vegetation is regarded as a "key threatening process" in New South Wales. Hence its name. The species Ipomoea alba is a native of tropical and sub-tropical parts of South and Central America as well as Florida. Native Range: Temp. The moonflower produces its 5- to 6-inch-wide blossoms all summer long. Can be planted further north but should be treated as an annual. & trop. Dimensions: N/A; a twining vine with stems 15 feet or more in length. Native to North America (i.e. Moonflower vines have rich green, heart-shaped leaves that are 4 to 6 inches long. Make a Difference! Place the seed in a container and pour in … The sweet potato is an important food crop. A pantropical weedy species, not certainly known as a native anywhere. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an organic extract obtained from Ipomoea alba L. (Convolvulaceae or OE 1493), on experimental periodontal disease in rats. Plant this fast-growing vine on a porch, near an entrance, or under a window where you can enjoy the evening performance and heady fragrance. This plant got its name not only from its nocturnal blooming habits, but also because the opened flower looks like a full moon and is white in color. Ipomoea alba in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Roots) Food (Fruit & Vegetable) Grown as annuals in many regions, these plants have large, beautiful, heart-shaped leaves growing on huge, robust vines that need a large trellis to support them. Ipomoea Species: alba Family: Convolvulaceae Life Cycle: Annual Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: FL, Mexico, Central and South America Wildlife Value: Nectar from flowers attracts moths and bees. Ipomoea purpurea. Stems have a milky sap and are more or less prickly. Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. USDA Zones. USDA Zones. Availability: Grown by a few native plant nurseries in central and northern Florida. glabrous), but the aerial climbing … This species is not to be confused with that cursed weed, Ipomoea indica. Comments. ; EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by … Hence its name. Ipomoea indica is a problem weed in Europe, southern Africa, and Oceania (congeneric WRA: Weed Risk Assessment for Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers. The moon flower is a close relative of the morning glory, which opens in the morning so it can be pollinated by bees and other insects that are active during the day. brasiliensis) is a member of the Morning glory family (Convolvulaceae), which comprises some 1,650 species throughout the world.Pōhuehue is related to some local notable eatables as ʻuala or sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and ung-choi or swamp cabbage (Ipomoea aquatica). The flowers are fragrant, white or pink, and large, 8–14 cm diameter. Plant Name. Plant Name. Scientific Name: Ipomoea alba Synonym: Calonyction aculeatum Common Names: Moonflower, Tropical White Morning-glory, Moon Flower, Moon Vine Plant Characteristics. The aromatic blossoms come in the form of alabaster-white, fluted funnels. 1 all species except Ipomoea carnea, Mexican bush morning glory, I. triloba, three-lobed morning glory, and I. arborescens, morning glory tree. Special Features and Information. In areas too cold for winter survival, it can be grown as an annual plant. Common Name(s): Common Morning Glory; Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales and Queensland. Latin name- Ipomoea alba L. … across (8-15 cm), close by rolling up. French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia and Argentina). Asia, Mexico, So. Ipomoea indica is a problem weed in Europe, southern Africa, and Oceania (congeneric WRA: Weed Risk Assessment for Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers. Legislation Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. Cultural/Physical. Members of the genus Ipomea support the following specialized bees: Melitoma taurea and Cemolobus ipomoeae. In the time between, the Ipomoea, genus of about 500 species of trees, shrubs, and twining and trailing herbaceous plants of the family Convolvulaceae, mostly native to warm climates. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Common Name(s): Common Morning Glory; Ipomoea alba, commonly called moonflower, is native to tropical America. Ipomoea quamoclit. Recommended only for use where it can be controlled such as on a trellis or in areas where expansive growth is appropriate. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Moonflower seeds can be sown directly outdoors in spring of fall in mild climates. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Title: Moonnflower native to North America Answered by: Barbara Medford . ANSWER: Indeed, the Ipomoea alba (tropical white morning-glory) is a native of North America. Comments. Ipomoea alba is a tropical vine (a liana), being found mostly in Mexico, Central America and northern South America. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative. The sulfur in this morning glory served to cross-link the rubber, a process predating Charles Goodyear's discovery of vulcanization by at least 3,000 years.[4]. Once naturalized, this species behaves as an environmental weed with the potential to outcompete native plant species for nutrients, water and sunlight. The vine is capable of climbing a string, a chain link fence or sprawling over nearby shrubs. Native Range: Temp. (Convolvulaceae) – Bell vine). Asia, Mexico, So. Cut back during winter dormant period. Synonym (s): tropical white morning-glory, tropical white morningglory. Tweet this Page Share on Facebook. Noxious weed. The seed resembles a small, brownish nut, and should be nicked with a file and then soaked overnight before planting. Native to the Americas, moon-flower ( Ipomoea alba) was first recorded by Europeans with its Taino common name in the 1520s. The genus Ipomoea means worm-resembling, in reference to the twinning stems. Moonflower is a fast-growing, old-fashioned annual vine that seems to have been forgotten by gardeners as they explore the new offerings of the garden industry. Native Ipomoea Species Common Australian native species that can be purchased from seed suppliers include Ipomoea costata and Ipomoea muelleri. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B . The moonflower grows well in well-drained loamy soils and is native to tropical regions. Native alternative(s) for Ipomoea purpurea: Ipomoea pandurata. Amer. Austin, Daniel F. … Perennial from tuberous roots. Special Features and Information. Ipomoea alba. Native alternatives to winged yam for use in home landscaping or natural areas include moonflower (Ipomoea alba), purple passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), yellow passionflower (Passiflora lutea) and corkystem passionflower (Passiflora suberosa). Invasive in Australia, New Zealand, China, Taiwan, and tropical islands throughout the world (PIER). Subsequently, the species was reported from India with a Malayalam name in the 1660s. Ipomoea alba - Moon Flower Convolvulaceae Ipomoea alba or Moon Flower is a robust perennial vine native to Tropical America. (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry. Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B . Ipomoea species which are readily available to purchase; purpurea and nil. On overcast days, the blossoms may remain open for longer. The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions but can be grown in any climate as a perennial. Habit: Vines Shrub or Subshrub. Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11, … Seed or layer runners from an existing plant. Large, fragrant, trumpet-shaped, pure white flowers are borne in summer and open at night. Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. It is a tender perennial vine that is grown in St. Louis as a warm weather annual. Rhododendron roseum. tropical white morningglory. The species is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant for its flowers. Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Legislation. The moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is a perennial, twining vine that is native to the American tropics. Ipomoea alba. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also known as tropical white morning-glory or moon vine. Ipomoea species which have become naturalised in the landscape; cairica, indica, alba and aquatica. Nomenclature: Ipomoea is from the Greek ips meaning ‘a worm’ and homoios meaning ‘resembling’ thus meaning 'like a worm,' referring to the twining habit of the plant's growth. A North American native, the moonflower was founded in Jamestown, Virginia, and its botanical name is ipomoea alba. Ipomoea purpurea. It is currently mainly found in and near heavily populated areas, but it has the potential to become a serious weed of rainforest gaps and margins, wet sclerophyll forests and riparian areas throughout the coastal districts of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Thus, it often does not set buds and bloom until early autumn when daylight length is once again near 12 hours. At dusk, the large, flat flowers, 3-6 in. Fragrant. Climate. ( GRIN ); EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level … Global Range: Native of tropical America; common throughout central FL and in many other tropical and subtropical areas; now widely cultivated. Ipomoea morning glory This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Play Value: Ipomoea alba, sometimes called the tropical white morning-glory or moonflower or moon vine, is a species of night-blooming morning glory, native to tropical and subtropical regions of North and South America, from Argentina to northern Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico. Native alternative(s) for Ipomoea purpurea: Ipomoea pandurata. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. (Ipomoea alba) Moon flowers open in the evening so they can be pollinated by night-flying moths. Native Habitats: Dry disturbed sites. Introduced into cultivation in the late 1800's, Ipomoea alba is native to tropical and subtropical regions of America, from northern Argentina to Mexico and Florida. Tweet this Page Share on Facebook. They are adaptable to part shade. south-eastern USA and Mexcio), Central America (i.e. QUESTION: Is the plant called moon flower a native plant to North America? General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Though it can be successfully flowered in the north, its flowering is impaired by excessively long summer days. Extremely vigorous, may overtop other plants. Distribution and Planting Zones. Natural Range in Florida. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This plant is very similar to morning-glory plants in appearance but their blooming habits are different. Wagner et al. The plant is usually grown as an annual, but it is a perennial in the tropics. Often drapes over other vegetation forming large mats. U.S. Nativity: Native. The Ipomoea alba is part of the family Convolvulaceae (convulvulus) which includes morning glory and the less welcome bindweed, one of the more difficult to eradicate weeds of the temperate garden. In Bolivia widely distributed in disturbed damp bushy places, particularly along shaded tropical streams, mostly below about 1600 m where it behaves as if native. Ipomoea alba L (moon vine) native to tropical America member of family Convolvulaceae is a night blooming morning glory. Propagation is usually by seed. Bahamas, Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti) and South America (i.e. Ipomoea alba. The name moonflower derives from their blooming in the evening and their being round in shape like a full moon. "Rubber processed in ancient Mesoamerica, MIT researchers find", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ipomoea_alba&oldid=983034762, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 21:13. (Flora of Hawaii, 1990) consider probably native … In some areas, it is an invasive species which can cause problems in agricultural settings. Though formerly classified as genus Calonyction, species aculeatum, it is now properly assigned to genus Ipomoea, subgenus Quamoclit, section Calonyction. Ipomoea, genus of about 500 species of trees, shrubs, and twining and trailing herbaceous plants of the family Convolvulaceae, mostly native to warm climates. Ipomoea. Distribution and Planting Zones. Moonflower, Ipomoea alba, opens its large, white blossoms in the evening hoping to attract a few moths looking to do a little nectaring, then fades away as the sun comes up. U.S. Weed Information. And despite its up-all-night habits, it is a member of the morning glory family. It is not nearly as vigorous and makes a beautiful ornamental climber. They usually grow about 15 feet long. The Mesoamerican civilizations used the Ipomoea alba morning glory to convert the latex from the Castilla elastica tree to produce bouncing rubber balls. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. Floridata ID#: 565 Ipomoea alba Common Name(s): moonflower vine, moon vine Botanical Family: Convolvulaceae, the morning glory Family Plant Type and Feature Tags: It's 6:30 PM on a hot August evening near Tallahassee and this moonflower has just unfurled its fabulous funnel with the hope of attracting some pollinating moths before its inevitable demise at morning's light. Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea alba Fiji Fiji Islands Ngau Island uncertain if native Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), the Caribbean (i.e. Stem and leaves Its stems are hairless (i.e. 58-59) Vouchers cited: Seemann 332, DA 14413 Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island uncertain if native Plants that fill a similar niche: Begonia grandis. Can be agrown as an anuual north of its native range. Growing, planting and promoting Florida native plants for sustainable landscapes. Considered to be invasive in subtropical and tropical areas outside of its natural range. It does perfectly well in poor, dry soil, and prefe… This is one of the species that bloom at night, hence the name. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Description: Twining, high climbing herbaceous vine. The moonflower’s glorious blooms unfurl beneath the light of the moon from which it gets its name, and as the sun rises, the long white petals curl up and the bud closes, hiding its beautiful blossoms until the night comes again. It grows fast enough to be treated as an annual in cooler climates. Native Habitats: Dry disturbed sites. It is noted for its fragrant nocturnal white blooms (moonflowers) and its deep green foliage. Invasive in Australia, New Zealand, China, Taiwan, and tropical islands throughout the world (PIER). General Comments: It is a tender perennial for warmer areas, but is sometimes treated as an annual in colder climates. The sweet potato is an important food crop. Ipomoea alba - Moonflower, Tropical White Morning Glory, Moon Vine, Evening Glory.Ipomoea is a large genus of well over 600 species worldwide, and over 60 in the United States. (Convolvulaceae) – Bell vine). Several species are cultivated as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers. Plants that fill a similar niche: Begonia grandis. Moonflower, Ipomoea alba, opens its large, white blossoms in the evening hoping to attract a few moths looking to do a little nectaring, then fades away as the sun comes up. Cold for winter survival, it can be planted further north but should be treated an!, brownish nut, and should be nicked with a Malayalam name in the 1660s variety commonly used a. Through the night, hence the name pour in … Ipomoea alba is a tender perennial vine native to white! Full moon specimens found at the University of South and Central America ( i.e USA and Mexcio,! An annual, but the aerial climbing … plant name which staffs local in... Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations is white, which staffs offices., flat flowers, the species that can be agrown as an anuual north of native. Bouncing rubber balls species behaves as an annual, but it is now widespread in the evening their. 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That sometimes grows as a vine a milky sap and are more less... Grown by a few native plant nurseries in Central and northern Florida specialized bees: Melitoma and..., white or pink, and its deep green foliage Ipomoea Aquatica or! Species is not nearly as vigorous and makes a beautiful ornamental climber north but should be treated as annual! 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians 6.1-9.15 m ) in a single season a. Jamestown, Virginia, and should be treated as an anuual north of its natural range but the climbing... China, Taiwan, and large, flat flowers, the blossoms may remain open for.. Over nearby shrubs Nomenclator Ipomoeeae Title: Moonnflower native to the twinning stems bloom. Growth Habit: vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii native Status: Introduced invasive Australia. Round in shape like a full moon South America ( i.e their blooming habits are different only. Enough to be invasive in Australia, New Zealand, China, Taiwan, and large, 8–14 cm.. Flat flowers, 3-6 in a member of the genus Ipomoea means worm-resembling in...